Medical Hypnosis and hypnotherapy in Castro Valley in East Bay Castro Valley California near San Francisco Bay Area near San Leandro, Oakland, Hayward, Pleasanton, Union City, and Fremont. Medical hypnosis for pain control, pain management, hypnotic stress reduction, weight loss, self-hypnosis, smoking cessation. Close to Castro Vally Bart and to all Castro Valley centers. Do not let pain dominate your life, take control of your life, manage your discomfort, relax yourself, release the stress. Clinical hypnosis in Castro Valley, Fremont, Union City, Hayward, San Leandro, San Lorenzo in the East Bay Area near San Francisco, California.
20990 Redwood Road Castro Valley, California, USA
From SAN FRANCISCO or OAKLAND via 580 • Turn LEFT onto STROBRIDGE AVE. 0.18 miles • Turn RIGHT onto CASTRO VALLEY BLVD. 0.39 miles • At the intersection with ANITA AVE., turn RIGHT into the parking lot at 2881 CASTRO VALLEY BLVD
From SAN JOSE, PENINSULA, or OAKLAND via 880 • Merge onto I-238 S toward I-580/CASTRO VALLEY/STOCKTON. 2.08 miles • Take the CA-238/Redwood Road exit. 0.11 miles • Take the Redwood Road ramp. 0.32 miles • Turn LEFT onto Redwood Road. 0.86 miles • , turn RIGHT into the parking lot at Castro Valley Plaza at 20990 Redwood Road
From CASTRO VALLEY BART • Turn LEFT onto Redwood Road •., cross the street into the parking lot at 220990 Redwood Road
From PLEASANTON or DUBLIN • Take I-580 W toward OAKLAND. Take Redwood Road exit • Turn Right onto Redwood Road. 0.39 miles • turn RIGHT into the parking lot at Castro Valley Plaza at 20990 Redwood Road

May 14, 2014

E Cigarettes Don't Stop Smoking Habit

In their analysis of the marketing, health and behavioral effects of the products, which are unregulated, the UCSF scientists found that e-cigarette use is associated with significantly lower odds of quitting cigarettes.

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May 13, 2014

New Hypnosis for Sleep App that Let's You Choose Your Own Text

Have you been trying to cure insomnia or sleep deeply, but have trouble letting go of stress?

This is my new App that allows you to choose your text !!!

 This powerful but relaxing hypnosis will give you everything you need to easily and effortlessly replace negative old habits with positive new ones. You will easily choose to sleep deeply and pay more attention to your body's signals. Together lets begin your journey into a deep sleep today!

click here to order

ALL 10- Sessions Included in this Program
1. Fall Asleep Fast:
2. Sleep Deeply:
3. Get Restful Sleep:
4. Get to Bed Early:
5. Go Back to Sleep Easily:
6. Sleep Like a Child:
7. Sleep Longer:
8. Sleep Through the Night:
9. Stop Snoring:
10. Wake Up Refreshed:

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November 03, 2013

Hypnosis for Anticipatory Nausea in Children with Cancer

Hawkins P, Liossi C, Ewart B, et al. Hypnotherapy for control of anticipatory nausea and vomiting in children with cancer: Preliminary findings. Psycho-Oncology. 1995; 4: 101-6.
Summary: Pediatric oncology patients often experience significant chemotherapy related nausea and vomiting (NV). A number of controlled studies have shown that a variety of behavioral interventions are effective in treating both anticipatory and postchemotherapy NV. The present randomised, controlled-design study aims to assess the possible therapeutic gains that may be derived from hypnosis while controlling for gains that may be derived from non-specific therapeutic factors. Thirty paediatric oncology patients (5-17 years of age), following baseline assessment, were randomly assigned to one of three groups--' treatment as usual' control group, therapist contact group, and a hypnosis training group-- during an identical chemotherapy pulse. Statistical analysis demonstrates the effectiveness of hypnosis for the reduction of anticipatory nausea and vomiting. Therapist contact alone was also found to be effective in reducing anticipatory nausea but it is suggested that this may be a statistical rather than a clinical effect. The results of the present study suggest that hypnosis is effective in the treatment of ANV in children. 

I do have an MP3 for nausea during cancer treatment.

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September 10, 2013

Hypnosis and Chronic Pain

Pain's Many Idiosyncrasies
Even as researchers make strides in understanding and treating pain, new discoveries raise many more questions. These recent findings reveal the deep connections between pain and many essential physical and mental processes.
  • Patients with chronic back pain tend to be impaired at emotional learning but have increased sensitivity to taste.
  • Chronic pain shrinks the brain, up to 11 percent in some cases.
  • Those with chronic pain can learn to control their perception of pain by imagining pleasant scenarios or believing a particular stimulus to be harmless.
  • Memory of a pain can cause that pain to persist for life, even after the initial injury has healed.
  • Chronic pain sufferers can learn to associate a place with their pain. Returning to this space can reinforce the negative association.

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September 05, 2013

UCSF's Integrative Medicine Network annual Fall Elective (Complementary Paths of Healing).

I have just been invited, again, to speak at UCSF's Integrative Medicine Network annual Fall Elective (Complementary Paths of Healing).

"We feel that your expertise in hypnosis for health will offer a unique perspective on integrative medicine in this elective. It would truly be an honor to have you speak in our elective this year....I know that you have spoken for us at our past forum, and we have always received very positive feedback and interest in your presentation. We would love to invite you back to speak at this year's elective again."

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August 25, 2013

Hypnosis for Cancer Treatment Support

Received this wonderful positive feedback this morning.

Thank you Seth-Deborah Roth! Not only did Dave Alexander GLIDE through the colectomy, he astonished the nursing team with how little pain meds he needed. Your hypnosis CDs WORK! We are now going to use the CDs for chemo and know they will have equally outstanding results! Thank you, truly you have made such a difference!

The Cancer Treatment Support pack is available at

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August 17, 2013

Received the 2013 Charles Tebbetts award from the NGH

Seth-Deborah Roth CRNA,RN,CHt,CI received the prestigious "Charles Tebbetts" award for "Spreading the Light of Hypnosis" from the National Guild of Hypnotists. It is the largest international hypnosis organization with over 12,000 members. The Tebbetts award is given annually to one hypnotist.

Seth-Deborah has been a member of the NGH faculty and is a regular presenter at the NGH Annual Convention.

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July 30, 2013

Hypnosis Research for Embryo Transfer

Researchers conclude that hypnosis during embryo transfer is as effective as diazepam (Valium) in terms of pregnancy ratio and anxiety, but with fewer side effects. They recommend that hypnosis be routinely available. !!!!!!

Here is the abstract

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July 28, 2013

"Transformation of Pain With Hypnosis Course"

Hypnosis for Medical Issues

DR. UDI Bonstein, a physician who studied hypnotherapy at Tel Aviv University Medical School and has practiced it for 15 years, said he would like to have a day at the Israel Society of Hypnosis national conference next May opened to physicians and other professionals who are interested. But some doctors are “still leery, especially as the therapy is not provided by the health funds free, so they don’t want to take the risk and establish a hypnosis institute. If it were included in the basket of health services, many more would do it. And it should be taught to medical students in their final years of studies.”

Here is the link to his article

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July 20, 2013

Medical Hypnosis Certification Teleseminar Course

I woke up today to find this wonderful testimonial for my Medical Hypnosis Certification teleseminar course in my email. What a wonderful way to start the day :-

"I saw my first "medical hypnotherapy" client this afternoon!!

She had a brain injury in 2000, but also in Dec. of 2012, she
was in a rear-ending car accident.  Pain relief is a part of what we
focused on today.  (there are other issues & aspects of course.)

I just want to thank you again for the wonderful class.  I used your
initial interview, and it brought so much up to the surface.  There
are so many valuable concepts and ideas and techniques to use....
how can I thank you enough? " 

M. Rose

and can read about what is in the 15 hour course at

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July 04, 2013

Use hypnosis to stop smoking.Older women who quit smoking can cut heart disease risk regardless of diabetes status

Older women who quit smoking can cut heart disease risk regardless of diabetes status

It is never too late to make the decision to stop smoking! One 2hr hypnosis session and you can be a non smoker. Skype or in works.

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Epigenetic changes to fat cells following exercise. Use hypnosis to make it happen!

Epigenetic changes to fat cells following exercise Use hypnosis to create the desire & action. Skype or in person

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July 03, 2013

Medscape Medical News > Psychiatry Refined Carbs May Trigger Food Addiction

Here it is folks...what we instinctively knew! Use hypnosis to stop the desire for refined carbs.

Latest research

Skype or in person    510-690-0699

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July 02, 2013

Hypnosis Works for Weight Loss

In a study made in 1996 in which hypnosis was combined with a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) it was found that people who used both treatments lost more weight than people that only used CBT.[1   Several other researches have shown similar positive impacts of hypnosis.[2,3,4]

  1. ^ Kirsch, I. (June 1996). "Hypnotic enhancement of cognitive-behavioral weight loss treatments–another meta-reanalysis". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 64 (3): 517–9.
  2. ^ Barabasz, Marianne; Spiegel, David (May 1989). "Hypnotizability and weight loss in obese subjects". International Journal of Eating Disorders 8 (3): 335–341.
  3. ^ Andersen, M. S. (1985). "Hypnotizability as a factor in the hypnotic treatment of obesity". International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis 33: 150–159.
  4. ^ Allison, David B.; Faith, Myles S. (June 1996). "Hypnosis as an adjunct to cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy for obesity: A meta-analytic reappraisal". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 64 (3): 513–516.

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    June 13, 2013

    Kate Middleton Using Hypnosis for Childbirth

    Kate Middleton is planning to use hypnotherapy to ease the agony of labor when she gives birth in July.

    The Duchess of Cambridge has reportedly been looking into hypno-birthing techniques, which are based around the principle that fear and anxiety make labor longer and more painful.

    As a Hypnotists and a Nurse Anesthetist, I teach hypnosis for childbirth.

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    June 07, 2013

    Hypnosis and Dermatology

    Here is the latest about the use of hypnosis for dermatology!

    "Hypnosis is one intervention that has been shown to benefit some patients. For example, long-lasting effects of hypnosis (particularly in highly hypnotizable patients) may include reduced scratching in eczema, and can aid resolution of acne excoriée.
    "Recent studies in patients with alopecia areata (including several with ophiasis distribution) demonstrated that hypnosis promotes excellent regrowth in approximately 50% of treated patients and improvements in depression and anxiety in almost all patients," Dr. Fried reported."

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    June 02, 2013

    Further the Field of Medical Hypnosis

    Here I am on Saturday, getting ready to present at the UCSF 15th Annual Integrative Medicine Forum.

    We have much to do to further the field of medical hypnosis. Accupunture, chiropractic, herbs....are all recognized....but the MANY applications of hypnosis......still unknown. So it is not so much about the training but the results we are able to accomplish that need to transmit to the medical community.

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    May 23, 2013

    Watch the power of mind hypnosis regarding pain

    Video Published on Sep 12, 2012
    Derren Brown wields his powers of perception and mind manipulation over the unsuspecting and the sceptical.

    Watch the power of the mind vs pain

    Change the way you experience pain with hypnosis

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    May 18, 2013

    Article: INTEGRATIVE ONCOLOGY Clinical Hypnosis for the Palliative Care of Cancer Patients

    Clinical Hypnosis for the Palliative Care of Cancer Patients

    By Gary Elkins, PhD,1 William Fisher, MA,1 Aimee Johnson, BA,1 Jim Sliwinski, MA1, Guest Editor, Georgia M. Decker, ANP-BC, AOCN® | August 27, 2012

    1Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Baylor University, Waco, Texas

    Clinical hypnosis has been defined as a mind-body therapy that involves a deeply relaxed state, individualized mental imagery, and therapeutic suggestion. Clinical hypnosis has a very long history, with reports of medical application dating back to the 18th century. Some have suggested that there is even evidence for the use of clinical hypnosis since ancient times, with inscriptions of hypnotic-like phenomena on a stone stele from Egypt during the reign of Ramses XII, some 3,000 years ago. The word hypnosis, derived from the Greek word for sleep, was coined by James Braid in 1841. Clinical hypnosis is a mind-body therapy, one of the fastest-growing and most commonly employed categories of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM), as defined by the NCCAM (National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine) of the National Institutes of Health. A national health interview survey of medical usage in 2007 found that 4 out of 10 US respondents reported having used complementary and alternative medical treatments in the previous year.[1] Further, research suggests that CAM use continues to be highest among those with chronic diseases (eg, cancer).[2,3] Mind-body interventions such as clinical hypnosis are also becoming popular for their ease of integration into an overall cancer survivorship treatment plan with relatively low risks.[4]

    Hypnosis produces an altered state of consciousness, awareness, or perception. The hypnotic state is a highly relaxed state in which the patient’s mind (conscious and subconscious) is focused and receptive to therapeutic suggestion. It involves learning to use one’s mind and thoughts to manage emotional distress, (eg, anxiety, stress), unpleasant physical symptoms (eg, pain, nausea), or to help change certain habits or behaviors (eg, smoking). While hypnosis sessions may vary depending on a patient’s needs, a clinical hypnosis session typically comprises two basic phases:
    Induction. During this phase, the therapist helps the patient to relax, and may ask the patient to imagine a peaceful scene that helps him or her to become more focused and concentrate on what is to be accomplished during the session.
    Application. During this phase, the patient receives suggestions. Hypnotic suggestions, the key ingredient of hypnosis, are special statements that are designed to suggest relief from troubling symptoms.
    There are several professional associations dedicated to clinical hypnosis that conduct research and provide education, as well as ethical standards of care. One of the largest such associations, the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis (ASCH), was founded in 1957 and has nearly 2,000 members; its members are required to hold a doctorate in medicine, dentistry, podiatry, chiropractic, or psychology, or a minimum of a master’s level degree in nursing, clinical social work, or psychology. All applicants must be licensed or certified in the state in which they practice. The ASCH administers a program of credentialing and training workshops accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the American Psychological Association, the Academy of General Dentistry, the National Association of Social Workers, and the California Board of Behavioral Sciences. ASCH also maintains a Standards of Training, which ensures that participants receive quality, comprehensive training.[5]
    A meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies of clinical hypnosis identified 57 studies that demonstrated hypnosis as an effective treatment for a number of health disorders and conditions including pain, smoking cessation, migraines, allergies, analgesia in labor, asthma, dermatology, dentistry, anxiety, hypertension, tinnitus, and postoperative recovery in surgery.[6]
    What is the Evidence Related to Hypnosis and Cancer?
    Clinical hypnosis has been described in the medical literature to relieve a broad spectrum of symptoms, including treatment of common symptoms associated with cancer care, as discussed below.
    Hypnosis is the most frequently cited form of nonpharmacologic cognitive pain control.[7] Hypnotherapy for the management of chronic pain has been demonstrated to provide relief for the symptoms of pain in cancer, arthritis, sickle cell disease, temporomandibular disorder, and fibromyalgia. Hypnosis has demonstrated positive outcomes for the reduction of chronic and procedural-related pain in oncology.
    A study of breast cancer patients found that those assigned to treatment (standard care or expressive-supportive therapy) that included clinical hypnosis demonstrated significantly less pain. In addition, patients who underwent hypnosis reported significantly less of an increase in pain over time.[8] Another study of advanced-stage cancer patients with malignant bone disease was conducted by randomizing patients to receive either hypnotherapy or supportive attention (eg, encouragement, active listening).[9] Results showed the hypnosis intervention group had a significant overall decrease in pain.
    Syrjala and colleagues studied 45 cancer patients to evaluate the efficacy of hypnosis for pain relief following chemotherapy.[10] Participants were randomized into the following conditions: hypnosis, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), attention control, and standard care. There were no reported significant differences among the groups for nausea, presence of emesis, nor opioid intake; however, the hypnosis group showed a significant reduction in oral pain. Montgomery and colleagues studied 200 patients undergoing excisional breast biopsy or lumpectomy.[11] Participants in this study were randomly assigned to a hypnosis session or to a control condition involving nondirective empathic listening. The hypnosis group had significant reductions in pain intensity, self-reported pain unpleasantness, nausea, fatigue, and discomfort compared with the control. Moreover, the per-patient cost to the medical institution was $772.71 less for those in the hypnosis group compared with patients in the control group, because of reduced surgical time. Lang and colleagues conducted a randomized controlled trial evaluating hypnosis for women (n = 236) undergoing large core breast biopsy.[12] During the procedure, in addition to standard of care, participants received either empathetic attention or a hypnotic relaxation treatment. Results indicated that hypnosis reduced pain and anxiety compared to empathetic attention, which only showed a reduction in pain.
    A recently published review examined the evidence from clinically controlled trials, evaluating hypnosis for procedural-related pain in pediatric oncology.[13] Eight randomized controlled trials were analyzed, demonstrating positive outcomes in clinical hypnosis for pain management in pediatric oncology.
    It has been reported that 70% to 80% of all cancer patients who receive chemotherapy experience nausea and vomiting.[14] Clinical hypnosis has been studied for relief of nausea and vomiting secondary to chemotherapy. In a randomized study of the efficacy of hypnosis in reducing nausea and vomiting in children receiving chemotherapy, researchers found children participating in hypnosis had less anticipatory nausea and vomiting and less overall vomiting compared with controls who did not undergo hypnosis.[15] This finding was replicated in a later study also demonstrating that patients using clinical hypnosis showed a reduced need for antiemetic medication.[16] A review by Richardson and colleagues of six randomized, controlled trials suggests there were large effect sizes for hypnotic treatments when compared with treatment as usual, and these were at least as large as the effects of CBT.[13] In a study of mediators of a brief hypnosis intervention to control side effects in breast cancer surgery patients, Montgomery and colleagues concluded that clinical hypnosis works to a significant extent through the two psychological mechanisms of cognition and emotion. Results of a study of a 200 breast cancer patients who underwent a presurgical hypnosis intervention to improve postsurgical side effects suggest that, to reduce postsurgical nausea, clinical hypnotic interventions should be designed to specifically target patient expectancies and distress.[17]
    Cancer-related fatigue has long been recognized as one of the most difficult symptoms to manage during cancer treatment, and it remains the most common unrelieved symptom of cancer.[18] Research suggests that fatigue is a multidimensional syndrome which results from both cancer and cancer therapies, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Estimates of the prevalence of fatigue in cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy are diverse. Literature suggests that fatigue can affect 60% to 90% of patients receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy.[19] This condition is managed through education of patients and caregivers about current evidence-based strategies to reduce fatigue, nonpharmacological interventions including exercise, and pharmacological therapies.[18] Despite the high prevalence of cancer-related fatigue, few intervention options exist.[20] A study was conducted to test the effectiveness of CBT and hypnosis for radiotherapy-related fatigue.[21] Breast cancer patients were randomly assigned to receive either standard care or CBT and hypnosis. Results show that with the cognitive-behavioral/hypnosis intervention, patients’ fatigue did not increase over the course treatment, whereas fatigue among patients receiving standard care increased linearly. Although this initial result is promising, additional research is critically needed in this area. To determine relative contributions of various interventions to fatigue relief in cancer patients, future studies should be designed with subjects assigned to groups providing hypnosis-only, CBT only, and combined cognitive-behavioral hypnotherapy, as well as a control group offering structured attention.
    Hot Flashes
    Clinical hypnosis for the treatment of hot flashes has been investigated. In two studies of breast cancer survivors, participants received five sessions of hypnotherapy, (provided approximately weekly) and were instructed in self-hypnosis. The hypnotic intervention was individualized to facilitate a hypnotic state, feelings of coolness, and control of symptoms. The results showed a 69% reduction of hot flashes relative to baseline,[22,23] and are comparable or superior to results from open-label studies with paroxetine(Drug information on paroxetine) and venlafaxine.[24] In a large ongoing randomized clinical trial of hypnosis for hot flashes, 184 post-menopausal women have been randomized to either clinical hypnosis or to structured-attention control that provides supportive, non-directive counseling. Preliminary unpublished results concur with earlier studies suggesting that hot flashes can be reduced by 70% at 3 months follow-up among post-menopausal women.[25]
    Hypnosis can also be an effective treatment option for cancer patients suffering from sleep problems. Cancer patients experience sleeping difficulties for a number of reasons, including anxiety related to diagnosis, depression, pain, fatigue, and other treatment-related side effects. Cancer patients have been reported to be nearly three times more likely than members of the general population to meet diagnostic criteria for insomnia.[26]
    While sleep disorders can be treated with pharmacotherapy, this treatment modality carries with it the inherent risks of dependence and potentially dangerous drug interactions. Furthermore, pharmacotherapy does not treat the underlying source of the sleep disturbance. Hypnosis provides cancer patients with a safe alternative treatment option that not only improves the ability to obtain restful sleep, but also leads to improvements in other symptom areas.
    A study conducted by Elkins et al supports the efficacy of clinical hypnosis in improving the quality of sleep for cancer patients.[23] During this study, 51 breast cancer patients (all female) were assigned to either five weekly sessions of hypnosis or a waitlist control group. The main outcome for this study was a reduction in hot flash occurrence. At the conclusion of the 5-week treatment period, not only did cancer patients report fewer hot flash related daily disturbances, but they also reported significant improvements in sleep quality, as well as fewer symptoms of anxiety and depression. This study provides an example of how hypnosis may be effective at treating a target symptom and improving the patient’s overall quality of life.
    How Is Hypnosis Currently Used in Cancer Care?
    Hypnosis has been specifically employed in the palliative care of cancer patients to reduce symptoms associated with radiation and chemotherapy, such as pain, nausea, fatigue, hot flashes, and sleep dysfunction. Length of hypnotic treatment varies depending on the nature and severity of the problem. Clinical hypnosis treatment for cancer patients may range from a single session to multiple sessions. In research, cancer patients undergoing clinical hypnotherapy typically receive approximately five sessions or more of clinical hypnosis, each involving a hypnotic induction and instruction in self-hypnosis. The practice of self-hypnosis helps patients achieve a relaxed, therapeutic, hypnotic state. Professionals serve as facilitators of self-hypnosis, often providing hypnosis audio recordings for patients to use between sessions.
    Hypnosis is frequently offered in conjunction with other therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Research suggests that using a combination of hypnosis and CBT improved outcomes more than those achieved for at least 70% of patients who used CBT alone.[27] Additionally, CBT techniques can be utilized in a hypnotic context by preceding the CBT technique with a hypnotic induction.[28]
    What Are the Potential Risks?
    Clinical hypnosis has been commonly described as a safe method when used correctly, having few harmful side effects.[8] However, individuals may initially feel drowsy following hypnosis, due to its focus on increasing relaxation and decreasing anxiety. Unexpected delusional thoughts and trancelike states are also possible. Therefore, clinical hypnosis for patients with psychological disorders involving delusions is unadvisable. The clinical hypnosis literature has commonly listed exclusions for study participants with diagnoses of schizophrenia or borderline personality disorder.
    What's the Bottom-Line Message?
    Clinical hypnosis is a viable option for cancer patients, who, once trained in self-hypnosis, may employ these techniques to manage myriad symptoms.
    In particular, hypnosis as an adjunct treatment for cancer patients and survivors can be effective in treating pain, nausea, fatigue, hot flashes, and sleep disorders. While current research into the efficacy of clinical hypnosis for the palliative treatment of cancer patients is extremely encouraging, some studies have been limited by less-than-desirable sample sizes, and there is a dearth of large randomized controlled trials. Additional research will be needed for clinical hypnosis to become a well-established evidence-based treatment for the palliative care of cancer patients. However, the existing evidence from all clinical research supports inclusion of clinical hypnosis as an effective adjunct therapy in the palliative cancer treatment milieu, and therefore hypnosis should be considered for patients with cancer on a case-by-case basis.
    Financial Disclosure: The authors have no significant financial interest or other relationship with the manufacturers of any products or providers of any service mentioned in this article.
    Acknowledgment: Dr. Elkins is supported by NCCAM grant 5U01AT004634 and NCI grant R21CA131795.

    1. Barnes P, Bloom B: Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among Adults and Children: United States, 2007. National Health Statistics Reports. US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD, 2008.
    2. Eisenberg D, Davis R, Ettner S, et al: Trends in alternative medicine use in the United States, 1900-1997: Results of a follow-up national survey. JAMA 280(18):1569–1575, 1998.
    3. Mao JJ, Palmer CS, Healy KE, et al: Complementary and alternative medicine use among cancer survivors: a population-based study. J Cancer Surviv 5(1):8-17, 2011.
    4. Kwekkeboom K., Cherwin C, Lee JW, et al: Mind-body treatments for the pain-fatigue sleep disturbance cluster in persons with cancer. J Pain Symptom Manage 39(1):126–138, 2010.
    5. Elkins GR, Hammond DC: Standards of training in clinical hypnosis: Preparing professionals for the 21st century. Am J Clin Hypnosis 41(1):55–64, 1998.
    6. Flammer E, Bongartz W: On the efficacy of hypnosis: A meta-analytic study. Contemp Hypnosis 20(4):179–197, 2003.
    7. Patterson D, Jensen M: Hypnosis and clinical pain. Psychol Bull 129(4):495–521, 2003.
    8. Spiegel D, Bloom JR: Group therapy and hypnosis reduce metastatic breast carcinoma pain. Psychosom Med 45(4):333–339, 2009.
    9. Elkins GR, Cheung A, Marcus J, et al: Hypnosis to reduce pain in cancer survivors with advanced disease: A prospective study. J Cancer Integ Med 2(4):167–172, 2004.
    10. Syrjala K, Cummings C, Donaldson G: Hypnosis or cognitive behavioral training for the reduction of pain and nausea during cancer treatment: A controlled clinical trial. Pain 48(2):137–146, 2009.
    11. Montgomery GH, Bovbjerg DH, Schnur JB, et al: A randomized clinical trial of a brief hypnosis intervention to control the side effects in breast surgery patients. J Natl Cancer Inst 99(17):1304–1312, 2007.
    12. Lang EV, Berbaum KS, Faintuch S, et al: Adjunctive self-hypnotic relaxation for outpatient medical procedures: A prospective randomized trial with women undergoing large core breast biopsy. Pain 126(1–3):155–164, 2006.
    13. Richardson J, Smith JE, McCall G, et al: Hypnosis for procedure-related pain and distress in pediatric cancer patients: A systematic review of effectiveness and methodology related to hypnosis interventions. J Pain Symptom Manage 31(1):70–84, 2006.
    14. Morrow GR: Behavioural factors influencing the development and expression of chemotherapy induced side effects. Brit J Cancer 19(suppl):S54–S60, 1992.
    15. Jacknow DS, Tschann JM, Link MP, et al: Hypnosis in the prevention of chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting in children: A prospective study. J Dev Behav Pediatr 15(4):258–264, 1994.
    16. Liossi C, Hatira P: Clinical hypnosis in the alleviation of procedure-related pain in pediatric oncology patients. Int J Clin Experiment Hypnosis 51(1):4–28, 2003.
    17. Montgomery GH, Hallquist MN, Schnur JB, et al: Mediators of a brief hypnosis intervention to control side effects in breast surgery patients: Response expectancies and emotional distress. J Consult Clin Psychol 78(1):80–88, 2010.
    18. Escalante CP: Treatment of cancer-related fatigue. Support Care Cancer 11(2):79–83, 2003.
    19. Butt Z, Wagner LI, Beaumont JL, et al: Use of a single-item screening tool to detect clinically significant fatigue, pain, distress, and anorexia in ambulatory cancer practice. J Pain Symptom Manage 35(1):20–30, 2008.
    20. Mock V, Frangakis C, Davidson NE, et al: Exercise manages fatigue during breast cancer treatment: A randomized controlled trial. Psychooncology 14(6):464–477, 2005.
    21. Montgomery GH, Kangas M, David D, et al: Fatigue during breast cancer radiotherapy: An initial randomized study of cognitive behavioral therapy plus hypnosis. Health Psychol 28(3):317–322, 2009.
    22. Elkins G, Marcus J, Stearns V, et al: Pilot evaluation of hypnosis for the treatment of hot flashes in breast cancer survivors. Psychooncology 16(5):487–492, 2007.
    23. Elkins G, Marcus J, Stearns V, et al: Randomized trial of a hypnosis intervention for treatment of hot flashes among breast cancer survivors. J Clin Oncol 26(31):5022–5026, 2008.
    24. Sterns V, Isaacs C, Rowland J, et al: A pilot trial assessing the efficacy of paroxetine hydrochloride (Paxil) in controlling hot flashes in breast cancer survivors. Ann Oncol 11(1):17–22, 2000.
    25. Elkins G, Fisher W, Johnson A: Hypnosis for hot flashes among postmenopausal women study: A study protocol of an ongoing randomized clinical trial. BMC Complement Altern Med 11:92, 2011. Available at Accessed June 19, 2012.
    26. Morin CM, LeBlanc M, Daley M, et al: Epidemiology of insomnia: Prevalence, self-help treatments, consultations, and determinants, of help-seeking behaviors. Sleep Med 7(2):123–130, 2006.
    27. Milling L, Levine M, Meunier SA: Hypnotic enhancement of cognitive-behavioral interventions for pain: An analogue treatment study. Health Psychol 22(4):406–413, 2003.
    28. Elkins G, Johnson A, Fisher W: Cognitive hypnotherapy for pain management. Am J Clin Hypn 54(4):294–310, 2012.

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